Challenges of Vietnam’s higher education in the context of Industrial Revolution 4.0
The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is bringing radical changes in all fields, directly affecting the number and kinds of future jobs on a global scale as well as the role and function of knowledge expoitation of universities in the society. Universities, from the perspective of being the cradle providing the largest and most qualified human resource of society, especially in the field of creative entrepreneurship, is facing enormous and necessary challenges. Hence, there is an urgent need for universities to dramatically change their activities to adapt to the future society, helping students have high employment opportunities. With the function of leading the society, discovering and exploiting knowledge, the role of universities in IR 4.0 becomes more and more important and faces new challenges. The research reviews literature and analyses the impact of IR 4.0 on the basic functions of a university: training, research and knowledge exploitation, thereby drawing and analyzing the challenges faced by universities in the next few decades. The research also gives some suggestions, ideas for innovating university activities to adapt and overcome these challenges.
1. Viện Nghiên cứu Quản lý kinh tế Trung ương, (2020). Chuyên đề Số 10: Tác động Cách mạng công nghiệp 4.0 đến phát triển nguồn nhân lực của Việt Nam, 2019, xem 24/10/2020.
2. Vũ Cao Đàm, (2014). Nghịch lý và Lối thoát: Bàn về triết lý phát triển Khoa học và Giáo dục. Nxb Thế giới.
3. Nguyễn, H.Đ. el al., (2018). “Tiếp cận giáo dục đại học 4.0 - Các đặc trưng và tiêu chí đánh giá”, Tạp chí Khoa học Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội: Nghiên cứu chính sách và quản lý, số 4.
4. Ali Selamat, (2017). Higher Education 4.0: Current Status and Readiness in Meeting the Fourth Industrial Revolution Challenges. Redesigning Higher Education Towards Industry 4.0: Malaysia.
5. Amplifying human potential: Education and skills for the fourth industrial revolution. 2016. Infosys, xem 24.10.2020.
6. International Labour Organization, (2016). ASEAN in Transformation - How technology is changing jobs and enterprises, xem 23/10/2020,
7. Bok, D. (2003). Universities in the Market Place. The Commercialisation of Higher Education, Princeton University Press: USA.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).