Roles of science-technology innovation in realization of un objectives of sustainable development

  • Dang Thu Giang
Keywords: Science-technology-innovation, Sustainable development

Abstract

By September 2015, the UN had adopted the "Sustainable Development Agenda to 2030" (CTNS 2030) with the agreed vote of 193 member countries. The core component of CTNS 2030 is the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The objectives are to develop a society where no one is left behind. The SDGs include poverty reduction, common prosperity for all and protection against climate changes. The means used for realization of SDGs in CTNS 2030 is defined as effective use of science-technology-innovation advances. Here the science-technology-innovation are one of the main driving actors to promote economic growth and prosperity with central roles to achive numerous sustainable development goals. The roles of science-technology-innovation are emphasized particularly in Goal 9 and Goal 17 of CTNS 2030. Science-technology-innovation provide also strong potentials for achievement of all the other sustainable development goals. Implementing the international commitments, by 10 May 2017, the Prime Minister of Vietnam signed Decision No. 622/QD-TTg to promulgate the National Action Plan for CTNS 2030. The Plan gets drawn up on basis of CTNS 2030. The determination of the roles of science-technology-innovation in realization of UN Sustainable Development Goals is the important background for identification of the roles and missions of science-technology-innovation in implementation of sustainable development objectives in Vietnam.

Code: 19121002

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Blumenstock JE, Fafchamps M, and Eagle N (2011). Risk and reciprocity over the mobile phone network: Evidence from Rwanda. NET Institute Working Paper. No. 11-25.
2. Brynjolfsson E and McAfee A (2014). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. W. W. Norton & Company.
3. Council J (2015). 3D Goes K-12. Indianapolis Business Journal. 36. No. 19: 3.
4. Dataquest (2015). Indian 3D printing startup creates educational tools to bring vision to the visually impaired. Dataquest. 15 June 2015. (accessed 8 November 2018)
5. Dorrier J (2017). Solar is now the cheapest energy there is in the sunniest parts of the world. Singularity Hub. 18 May 2017. (accessed 20 November 2018).
6. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (2017). Artificial intelligence in Asia and the Pacific. (access 19 November 2019).
7. Engineering Nitrogen Symbiosis for Africa (2018). (accessed 20 November 2018).
8. Global Sustainable Development Report Edition 2016, United Nations, 2016
9. Hilbert M (2017). Digital tools for foresight. UNCTAD Research Paper No. 10. United Nations. Geneva.
10. ICSU, ISSC (2015): Review of the Sustainable Development Goals: The Science Perspective.
11. Ignitia (2018). (accessed 20 November 2018).
12. IISD, Briefing note on the STI forum , 2016
13. IISD, Briefing note on the STI forum 2017, 2017
14. IISD, Briefing note on the STI forum 2018, 2018
15. Jean N et al. (2016) Combining satellite imagery and machine learning to predict poverty. Science. 353(6301): 790-794.
16. Lazer et al (2014) The Parable of Google Flu: Traps in Big Data Analysis
17. Måns Nilsson et al., Policy: Map the interactions between Sustainable Development Goals, 2016
18. Marianne Beisheim, Reviewing the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals and Partnerships A Proposal for a Multi-level Review at the High-level Political Forum, 2015
19. McMahan K et al. (2015). Securing water for food: Annual report. U.S. Agency for International Development. (accessed 20 November 2018).
20. Open Labware (2018). See (accessed 20 November 2018)
21. Rozen WJ (2017). Zipline’s Ambitious Medical Drone Delivery in Africa. MIT Technology Review. June 8, 2017. Available at (accessed 20 November 2018).
22. Singh PV (2015). The Startup Revolution: Smart Solutions for Social Good. Governance Now. 1 August.
23. The Contribution of Science in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, Bettina Schmalzbauer et al, 2016.
24. The Contribution of Science in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, Bettina Schmalzbauer, 2016.
25. Tomás Hák, Svatava Janousková, Bedrich Moldan, Sustainable Development Goals: A need for relevant indicators, 2015.
26. UNCTAD (2016b). Issues paper on foresight for digital development. Available at (accessed 20 November 2018)
27. UNCTAD (2017a). The role of science, technology and innovation in ensuring food security by 2030. United Nations publication. Sale No. UNCTAD/DTL/STICT/2017/5. New York and Geneva.
28. United Nations Global Pulse (2018). (accessed 20 November 2018).
29. Van der Have RP and Rubalcaba L (2016). Social innovation research: An emerging area of innovation studies? Research Policy. 45(9):1923-1935.
30. Zennaro M, Pehrson B, and Antoine B (2008). Wireless sensor networks: a great opportunity for researchers in developing countries. Proceedings of WCITD 2008 Conference. Pretoria, South Africa.
Published
2020-01-02
How to Cite
Giang, D. (2020, January 2). Roles of science-technology innovation in realization of un objectives of sustainable development. Journal SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICIES AND MANAGEMENT, 8(4), 97-117. Retrieved from http://vietnamstijournal.net/index.php/JSTPM/article/view/319
Section
STUDIES OF STRATEGIES AND MANAGEMENT