National innovation councils: from theory to practice and lessons for Vietnam
Keywords:Innovation, National Innovation System, Governance of Innovation Systems, Administration
The role of innovation in economic growth has been increasingly confirmed from both theoretical and practical perspectives. Many countries around the world have established national innovation councils to monitor the operation of their national innovation system in order to come up with innovation policies in line with development practice. Reviewing experience of a number of countries we found that there are two typical models of national innovation council. The first one limits the function to consulting activities for the government. This model is popular in Western developed countries. The second one extends the function to policy coordination activities and monitoring the implementation of national innovation policy. This is a popular model in East Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, China, and Singapore. From international experience and Vietnam's context, we recommends that Vietnam should establish a national innovation council following the model of mentioned East Asian countries.
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