Framework of solutions for improvement of Vietnam Global Innovation Index
Keywords:Innovation, National Innovation System, Global Innovation Index
Global Innovation Index (GII) is a tool set for assessing and ranking innovation capacities of nations or economic sectors. GII Index is co-published by INSEAD (France), WIPO and Cornell University (USA) annually for this purpose since 2007. By 2017, the Government of Vietnam had used the results by GII for the first time and decided the objective to improve Vietnam GII Index for measuring outcomes of enhancement of the national innovation capacity (Resolution No. 19/2017/NQ-CP by the Government on 06 February 2018). The Government assigned line ministries and organizations to take leads and coordination for improvement of each GII indicator. In practice, GII is a set of synthetic indicators and, with National Innovation System (NIS) approach, covers multiple fields and sectors. This approach remains a little novel in Vietnam then not easy for related units to set up measurements for improvement. This paper provides an analysis of strong and weak points of Vietnam GII Index as well as existing policy solutions. On basis of that a proposal of global nature is made for possible improvement of Vietnam GII Index as indicated by the Government.
1. Nghị quyết số 19-2017/NQ-CP của Chính phủ ngày 06/02/2017 về việc tiếp tục thực hiện những nhiệm vụ, giải pháp chủ yếu cải thiện môi trường kinh doanh, nâng cao năng lực cạnh tranh quốc gia năm 2017, định hướng đến năm 2020.
2. Nghị quyết số 02/NQ-CP của Chính phủ ngày 01/01/2019 về việc tiếp tục thực hiện những nhiệm vụ, giải pháp chủ yếu cải thiện môi trường kinh doanh, nâng cao năng lực cạnh tranh quốc gia năm 2019, định hướng đến năm 2021.
3. Cornell University, INSEAD, and WIPO (2019). The Global Innovation Index 2019: Creating Healthy Lives-The Future of Medical Innovation, Ithaca, Fontainebleau, and Geneva.
4. UNTAD (2018), Creative Economy Outlook. UN.
5. WEF (2019), Global Competativeness Report 2019. Geneva.
6. World Bank (2020). Doing Business 2020. Washington, DC: World Bank
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